Skip directly to content

Home

Protect your precious moments


We know you would do everything to keep your baby safe and healthy. Babies are at higher risk of developing certain diseases as their immune system is not fully developed1. Find out more so that you can make informed decisions for your baby.

 

Did you know that your baby may be more at risk than other age groups of developing pneumococcal disease2?


Pneumococcal disease is caused by the bacterium called Streptococcus pneumoniae, of which there are over 90 different strains3. These can cause different infections ranging from mild to severe, including3:

 

Meningitis

Bacteraemia (blood poisoning)

Pneumonia

Otitis media (ear infection)

 

Pneumococcal disease can be invasive or non-invasive. Invasive pneumococcal disease is an infection occurring in the blood or major organs e.g. meningitis (Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord4). Non-invasive pneumoccocal disease occurs outside of these areas and tends to be less serious4 e.g. otitis media (ear infection).

Many people may not have heard of pneumococcal disease. The rate of invasive pneumococcal disease has decreased since the introduction of pneumococcal vaccination into the infant NHS Childhood Immunisation Programme in 20065. It's estimated that almost 40,000 cases of invasive pneumococcal disease were prevented in England and Wales in the first 11 years of the programme5.

Pneumococcal disease can be serious; it can lead to hospitalisation6 and even death7. Around 32% of those who contract pneumococcal meningitis experience long-term complications such as hearing loss or seizures7.

Vaccination against pneumococcal disease is recommended for babies and doses are given as part of the childhood immunisation schedule.

 

To find out more, talk to your healthcare professional or visit: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vaccinations/pneumococcal-vaccination/

 


  1. Family Doctor. Repeated Infections in Children. Available via: https://familydoctor.org/condition/repeated-infections-in-children/ 
    [Accessed: December 2019] 
  2. NHS Choices. Who should have the pneumococcal vaccination. Available via: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/vaccinations/pneumococcal-vaccination/ 
    [Accessed: December 2019]
  3. Public Health England. The Green Book [2018], Chapter 25: Pneumococcal. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/pneumococcal-the-green-book-chapter-25
    [Accessed: December 2019]
  4. Medical News Today. What is pneumococcal disease?. Available via:
    https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323463.php#types
    [Accessed December 2019]
  5. Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation (JCVI). Draft Meeting Minutes. October 2017. Available via: https://app.box.com/s/iddfb4ppwkmtjusir2tc/file/247634612957
    [Accessed: December 2019]
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Pneumococcal Disease. Available via: https://www.cdc.gov/pneumococcal/about/index.html
    [Accessed December 2019]
  7. Jit, M. (2010). The risk of sequelae due to pneumococcal meningitis in high-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Infection, 61(2), pp.114-124.